Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the precise language we need to understand what precisely language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language is not just the alternate of words somewhat it is communication of feelings, expressions, and beliefs. This may be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even vague or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the start of evolution of mankind. In different instances the modes of communication among the many mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to precise refers to language. It consists of the words which might be unsaid and expressed by actions. Due to this fact history of languages will be studied intimately by the examine of countries and tribes. There has been a powerful impact of languages on the cultural behavior of countries all over the world. Languages have developed ever because the first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago totally different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It is completely safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural selection”, so long as we realize that there isn’t any substance to this assertion, that it quantities to nothing more than a perception that there’s some naturalistic clarification for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can’t trace back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages have been formed and changed gradually. Languages have quickly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is due to socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show rapid changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical space show a slow change in language. If there’s a lack of interaction there is a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from other cultures.

Language and tradition

If man wouldn’t have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would don’t have any development of language. Language just isn’t the invention of isolation; reasonably it is the creation of socialization. For every developing, developed or grown tradition there has been an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the times of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to completely different ethnic backgrounds having totally different dialects. Their languages developed right into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu within the current time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which had been spoken by the army of the Mughals. These soldiers have been:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word that means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of army or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution in the language Urdu has resulted as a result of interaction of various dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was developed in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan household language includes Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was developed to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary part, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims within the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a transparent difference in the two languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit didn’t have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu became the official language of the states ruled by Mughals. This laid a powerful impact on the culture of India and additional revolutionized the language to give a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These had been Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule within the subcontinent words of English also turned a part of it. This change was not that obvious due to the clash with their rule.

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